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假定你是李華,你的美國朋友Jamie來信說他對中國傳統文學非常感興趣,但在閱讀時遇到了困難,比如很多漢字不認識,讀不懂文章的意思等,希望得到你的幫助。請給他回信,内容包括:

1.表示理解并給予安慰;

2.提出建議。

注意:1.詞數100左右,信的開頭已給出,不計入總詞數。

2. 可以适當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

參考詞彙:中國傳統文學traditional Chinese literature; 漢字Chinese character

Dear Jamie,

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符号(),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

删除:把多餘的詞用斜線( \ )劃掉。

修改:在錯的詞下畫一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改後的詞。

注意:1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

2.隻允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

The other day, our teacher gave us a quiz. I finished the question quickly until I read the last one: “What is the name of the woman who clean the school?” I had seen the woman several times. She was tall, dark-haired and at her fifties. And how could I know her name? I handed in my paper, leave the last question blank.

I asked that the last question would count towards the grade. “Absolute,” said the teacher. “In your life, you will come across with many people. They deserve your attention, even you just smile at and say hello to them.”

I later learned that his name was Dorothy.

 

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個适當的單詞或括号内單詞的正确形式。

Some popular places to visit are built by people while other famous places are the 1. (create) of nature. In the northeast of the US, there was a famous rock on a high mountain that looked just like 2. old man. 3. (locate) in the town of Franconia, New Hampshire, he had thick hair, a big nose and a beard. People called him“The Old Man of the Mountain”, which was also known 4. the Great Stone Face and it measured forty 5. (foot) tall. Scientists thought that the stone face6. (possible) dated back to 17,000 years ago.

In May 2003, there was very bad weather near the Old Man of the Mountain. The sky was so 7. (cloud) that people couldn’t see the stone face for many days. As soon as the storm was over, people looked for the Old Man. They discovered that he

8. (fall) apart. A number of scientists climbed up, 9. (hope) to repair the stone face. But they were disappointed at 10. they saw -- the damage from the weather was just too bad.

 

I remember the first day when I saw Sally playing basketball. I watched in wonder as she struggled her way through the crowed of boys on the playground. She seemed so

_______ but she managed to shoot jump shots just over their heads and into the net. The boys always tried to stop her _______ nobody could.

I began to notice Sally at other times, basketball in hand, playing _______. She practiced dribbling(運球) and _______ over and over.

One day I asked Sally why she _______ so much. Without a moment of hesitation she said, “I want to go to college. The only way I can go is to get a _______. I’m going to play college basketball and I want to be the best one. I believe if I am _______ enough, I will get one. My father has told me that if the dream is big enough, the facts don’t_______.”

I _______ her through those junior high years and into high school. Every week, she led her team to ________. One day in her senior year, I saw her sitting on the grass, her head

________ in her arms. Slowly and quietly, I walk ________ and sat down beside her. “What’s wrong?” I asked. “Oh, nothing,” came a soft reply, “I am just too short.” The ________   told her that at 165 cm she would probably never play for a top team -- still less she would be ________ a scholarship -- so she should stop dreaming about college.

I felt she was extremely ________. I asked her if she had talked to her dad about it yet. She told me that her father said those coaches were ________. They didn’t understand the________ of a dream.

The next year, Sally was seen by a college basketball coach after a big game. She was ________ offered a scholarship and ________ to the college education that she had ________and worked toward for all those years.

It’s true: if the dream is big enough, the facts don’t count.

1.A. small    B. upset    C. strong    D. determined

2.A. as    B. and    C. but    D. for

3.A. well    B. still    C. again    D. alone

4.A. running    B. passing    C. shooting    D. struggling

5.A. studied    B. expected    C. improved    D. practiced

6.A. title    B. prize    C. reward    D. scholarship

7.A. good    B. brave    C. active    D. careful

8.A. lack    B. block    C. count    D. appear

9.A. guided    B. watched    C. preferred    D. encouraged

10.A. faith    B. peace    C. victory    D. profession

11.A. sunk    B. buried    C. covered    D. dropped

12.A. up    B. away    C. back    D. around

13.A. coach    B. judge    C. teacher    D. captain

14.A. sent    B. offered    C. promised    D. suggested

15.A. excited    B. worried    C. disappointed    D. frightened

16.A. cruel    B. strict    C. unfair    D. wrong

17.A. cause    B. power    C. value    D. pressure

18.A. really    B. entirely    C. gradually    D. naturally

19.A. voted    B. admitted    C. appointed    D. introduced

20.A. joined in    B. gone through    C. benefited from    D. dreamed about

 

What makes people successful? Take a look around and talk to your friends and seniors who are very successful, you will see all of them have adopted certain values which have proved important for their success.

It is evident that successful people take initiative(主動性). When they find something needs to be done, they never hesitate to do it. 1. They weigh immediately what has to be done and then do it with pleasure thus strengthening their reputation.

Successful people do things with great enthusiasm, especially when they believe in what they are doing. They are motivated by their own satisfaction and the joy they get from doing their work. 2.

They do not fear failure. Failures and disappointments in life are unavoidable. 3. Successful people pick themselves up after a fall and try again with more determination and commitment and learn from each failure. They associate with those they can learn from and enjoy the company of those appreciating their achievement.

Having good IQ often gets a person what he wants but it’s really the EQ that keeps him there and helps him enjoy a high reputation. 4.. By giving respect to others, they command respect for themselves.

5. It’s better to praise others and win favor with them. So instead of complaining about a situation, successful people always try to solve it.

A. Successful people never complain

B. Successful person don’t make excuses.

C. They work hard even when no one is watching.

D. They believe that responsibility is taken, not given.

E. It is failure that teaches us much more than success.

F. It is hard to be successful if you don’t trust the people around you.

G. Successful people are polite to everyone and treat others with respect.

 

For environmental reasons, Britain will ban all new petro-and diesel-powered vehicles from its roads beginning in 23 years, a government report says.

The plan, expected Wednesday, aims to start removing petrol and diesel engines in 2040. It follows a similar official statement in France and some after the British government was ordered by the High Court to develop new plans to reduce NO2 in the air. Judges ruled that previous clean-air plans were not enough to meet European Union pollution limits in the coming years.

Britain’s government has said the poor air quality has an unnecessary and avoidable negative effect on citizens’ health, and costs up to $ 3.5 billion in annual lost productivity.

Part of the new plan involves an offer of $260 million to local governments to change rules where vehicle emissions(排放) are over EU standards. Ideas so far include changing road layouts, reprogramming traffic lights and charging a fee for the oldest and most polluting cars on the road.

The plan also includes $1.3 billion for government purchase of extreme-low-emission vehicles, nearly $130 million to improve infrastructure for electric vehicle charging stations and $378 million for remodeling existing vehicles.

Climate change is also a reason for the plan to get these vehicles off the road. “We can’t carry on with petrol and diesel cars,” Environment Secretary Michael Gove said. “It’s important we all prepare for a significant change which deals not just with the problems of health caused by emissions, but the broader problems caused in terms of accelerating climate change.”

Gove added that local communities are partly responsible for coming up with ways to limit emissions, including possible limitations on commuters(上下班往返者) and the addition of cleaner mass transportation options. Local leaders are called on to draw up “appropriate plans” to deal with climate challenges related to emission, he said.

1.Why does the British government decide on this ban?

A. To focus on its citizens’ health.

B. To follow in France’s footsteps.

C. To respond to the court’s request.

D. To promote solar energy in transport.

2.Which measure may the British government take to achieve its plan?

A. Limiting the number of traffic lights.

B. Removing old and high-emission vehicles.

C. Spending some money on electric vehicles.

D. Changing the way in which roads are arranged.

3.What can be inferred from Gove’s words?

A. United efforts are required to achieve the plan.

B. Convenient public transportation is badly needed.

C. Vehicle emissions are the key factor in climate change.

D. Petrol and diesel cars may hold back economic progress.

4.What is the suitable title for this passage?

A. Practical ways to reduce vehicle emissions

B. The EU forces Britain to improve the poor air quality

C. Britain plans to take petrol and diesel engines off roads

D. Relationship between vehicle emissions and climate change

 

There are around 6,000 living languages in the world—and at least half of these are in danger. In every part of the world, languages are disappearing. In fact, one scientist has said that languages are in more danger of extinction than birds or animals. Professor Steve Sutherland of the University of East Anglia says that in the past 500 years 4.5 percent of languages have died out—compared with 1.3 percent of birds, and 1.9 percent of mammals.

Languages come and go, and thousands have done exactly that without leaving any trace(痕迹). Only a very few—Basque, Greek and Latin among them—have lasted more than 2000 years. But it seems that the pace of their disappearance is becoming quicker.

The Ethnologue, a database of all the languages spoken in the world, states that 417 languages are spoken by so few people that they are in the final stages of becoming extinct. If very few people speak a language, it will probably die out.

Languages may be lost through migration, as people move from small towns to city centers, or when environments are destroyed by the search for oil or wood. Natural disasters can also devastate populations, and along with them, their language. Governments also play a role in the extinction of languages. The need to establish “official languages”, for a country to educate its children and carry out its business, had a disastrous effect on many small languages.

What is lost if a language is lost? Some people argue that languages die as the human race develops. Obviously there could be great benefits if everyone in the world spoke the same language—some industries already reflect this, with English essential for pilots and air traffic controllers. But there are more important things than convenience. As languages are lost, whole ways of life and knowledge may be lost along with them.

To put it simply, language expresses something about who we are, about where we live in the world. Ani Rauhihi, a Maori teacher in New Zealand’s North Island, sums it up: “If you grow up speaking our language, you won’t know who you are.”

1.What do the figures mentioned in the first paragraph suggest?

A. Most languages have died out completely.

B. Languages are in great danger of extinction.

C. Languages are disappearing slower than before.

D. Animals are disappearing faster than languages.

2.What can best replace the underlined word “devastate” ?

A. raise

B. control

C. improve

D. destroy

3.What if a language is lost according to the passage?

A. There will be great trouble.

B. There is no need to worry about it.

C. Its culture and knowledge will also be lost.

D. People will be able to communicate with others conveniently.

4.What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. Languages reflect our identity.

B. People will speak the same language one day.

C. Ani Rauhihi cares less about languages dying out.

D. Fewer people will remember their own languages.

 

A small family approached. The daughter was young and pretty. Her name was Blair, and she was obviously leaving. Her parents were not. The three gazed at the crowd and began their wait. Blair was twenty-three, fresh from graduate school with a handsome résumé (簡曆) but not ready for a career. A friend from college was in Africa as a volunteer for Peace Work, which had inspired Blair to devote the next two years to helping others. Her assignment was in eastern Peru, where she would teach primitive little children how to read. She would live in a hut with no modern conveniences, no electricity and no phones, and she was anxious to begin her journey.

The flight would take her to Miami, then to Lima, then by bus for three days into the mountains, into another country. For the first time in her young and sheltered life, Blair would spend Christmas away from home.

Luther, her father, was sad that Blair was leaving. The goodbyes had all been said. “Are you sure this is what you want?” had been asked for the hundredth time. Then, the first announcement was made, the one asking those in first class to come forward.

“I guess we’d better go,” Luther said to his daughter, his only child. They hugged again and fought back the tears. Blair smiled and said, “The year will fly by. I’ll be home next Christmas.”

Nora, her mother, bit her lip, nodded and kissed her once more. “Please be careful,” she said because she couldn’t stop saying it.

“I’ll be fine.”

They released her and watched helplessly as she joined a long line and inched away, away from them, away from home and security and everything she’s ever known. They turned and got inot endless sadness.

1.What’s the reason for Blair’s decision to help others?

A. Her friend’s behaviour.

B. Her successful career.

C. Support from her parents.

D. Her college’s requirement.

2.What were the family waiting for?

A. The flight to Lima.

B. The flight to Miami.

C. The bus to the mountains.

D. The bus to another country.

3.Which words can best describe Luther and Nora’s feelings?

A. Indifferent and cold.

B. Pleased and appreciative.

C. Heartbroken but relaxed.

D. Understanding but concerned.

4.What can we infer about Blair in the passage?

A. She was tired of city life.

B. She was twenty-three years old.

C. She used to spend Christmas in Peru.

D. She would be in first class in the flight.

 

LAKE MINNEWANKA BOAT TOUR

Welcome Aboard

Just 15 minutes from Banff is Lake Minnewanka where a 90-minute cruise(乘船遊覽) to the Devil’s Gap is sure to be the highlight of your summer adventure!

For information & group reservations, phone 762-3473!

www. minnewankaboattours. com

GUIDED MOUNTAIN FLIGHTS of the Columbia Ice Field & Canadian Rockies

Leave the Crowds Behind

Tour Narrated by Your Host

Owner/ Pilot Steve Neill (from $110/person)

·Comfortable window seats

·Headsets for clients/pilot conversation

·Ski plane available for glacier landings

Reservations : 1-877-344-7117

www .rockiesairtours. com

THREE SISTERS MOUNTAIN VILLAGE

Which stars will you be watching tonight? When you discover the beauty that surrounds Three Sisters Mountain Village, you will be surprised at how much brighter they are in the sky than on the screen. So make some popcorn, pull up a comfortable chair and settle in for a quiet night in the mountain. All the stars will be there.

Call roll-free (866) 388-2877

www. threesistersmountainvillage. com

PERFECT PICTURES

Discover the Rockies’s most desirable natural attractions on a Brewster guided excursion. As national park specialists, we are proud to share the wonders of Canada’s largest outdoor living museum. Our 111 years’ experience ensures a most memorable guided adventure!

·Wildlife viewing

·Nature walks

·Sightseeing

Toll-free: 1-800-760-6934

www.brewster.ca

RAFTING & OUTDOOR ADVENTURES

Youth & group rates available!

A spectacular adventure is waiting for you between Banff and Calgary, a short scenic drive to paradise. Join us for a fun, exciting and safe adventure in the Kananaskis and Bow Valley.

Adventures are available for all ages and skill levels.

Our professional and highly qualified guides are all Wilderness First Aid and River Rescue certified.

Toll-free: 1-877-999-7238

www. insideoutexperience. com

1.Which number would a retired couple phone for several quiet starry nights?

A. 762-3473

B. (866) 388-2877

C. 1-877-344-7117

D. 1-800-760-6934

2.Which website are the Johnsons (9-68), adventure lovers, likely to check for more information?

A. www. brewster. ca

B. www. rockiesairtours. com

C. www. insideoutexperience. com

D. www. minnewankaboattours. com

3.What kind of activities do the five tours all provide?

A. Free activities.

B. Outdoor activities.

C. Educational activities.

D. Adventurous activities.

 

閱讀下面材料,在空白處填入适當的内容(1個單詞)或括号内單詞的正确形式.

My husband and I were paying a visit1.my parents in Tucson. We went to a fast﹣food restaurant for dinner together.My husband went to the counter2.(order) dishes and I stood with my parents.

My dad is 90years old. He can hardly see very well and walks with a stick. I was scanning the restaurant,3.(wait) to sit at the first table that was4.(convenient) than others.A woman who was sitting with her son made eye contact with me and asked me to come to her. With a5.(puzzle) look on my face, I pointed to myself and said, "Me?" She6.(nod) and said, "Yes,you." I walked to the table and she said," Bring your family here. I can finish eating at the counter. My son is in7.hurry to leave anyway." My eyes8.(fill) with tears as she wiped down the table and guided my dad to the seat.

I always believe that there are9.(nature) kind people in this world.This woman has set a good example to her son,10.is a really lucky guy.

 

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